ISTA Views


Issue link:

Contents of this Issue


Page 24 of 24

24 ista views • December 2016 • Application of a Triboelectric Energy Harvester in Transport Packaging > CONTINUED FROM PAGE 23 Conclusion The triboelectric energy harvester described in this study, when excited with sufficient mechanical energy inputs, is capable of generating enough amperage and voltage for the purpose of charging a typical rechargeable coin cell battery for energy storage. Though it is not always the case with energy harvesting methods, this triboelectric harvester does generate usable levels of current, in addition to the voltage that is reported. Both shock and vibration inputs have been shown to provide the necessary excitation for the harvester to achieve the necessary power levels. Moving forward, vibration is the preferred mechanical input, due to the intermittent nature of shocks in packaged product distribution, and the total energy harvesting potential of vibration. Contributors Andrew L. Barry, Department of Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences, Clemson University; James M. Gibert, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University; Duncan Darby, Department of Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences, Clemson University References [1] Lingle R. Smart packaging forecast to grow 8 percent annually. Packaging Digest 2014, January 20. Retrieved February 26, 2016, from [2] Progress Report: A Comprehensive Evaluation of the FDA's Battle against Counterfeit Drugs (2006 Third Year Paper) 3:HUL.InstRepos:8965600 [3] Boisseau S, Despesse G, Seddik BA. Electrostatic Conversion for Vibration Energy Harvesting, Small-Scale Energy Harvesting, Intech, 2012 [4] Anton SR. Multifunctional Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Concepts. Doctoral Thesis, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 2011. [5] Cook-Chennault KA, Thambi N, Sastry AM. Powering MEMS portable devices: A review of non-regenerative and regenerative power supply systems with special emphasis on piezoelectric energy harvesting systems. Smart Materials and Structures 2008; 17(4), p. 043001 (33 pp.). [6] Beeby SP, Tudor MJ, White NM. Energy harvesting vibration sources for microsystems applications. Measurement Science and Technology 2006; 17(12). [7] Wang ZL. Triboelectric nanogenerators as new energy technology for self-powered systems and as active mechanical and chemical sensors. ACS Nano, 2013, 7(11), pp. 9533–9557. DOI: 10.1021/nn404614z [8] Wang ZL, Chen J, Lin L. Progress in triboelectric nanogenerators as a new energy technology and self-powered sensors. Energy Environ. Sci., 2015, 8, pp. 2250- 2282. DOI: 10.1039/C5EE01532D. [9] Diaz AF, Felix-Navarro RM. A semi-quantitative tribo-electric series for polymeric materials: The influence of chemical structure and properties. Journal of Electrostatics 2004; 62(4), pp. 277-290. DOI:10.1016/j.elstat.2004.05.005 [10] Yang WQ, Chen J, Zhu G, Wen XN, Bai P, Su YJ, Lin YF, Wang ZL. Harvesting Vibration Energy by a Triple-Cantilever Based Triboelectric Nanogenerator. Nano Research 2013; 6(12), pp. 880-886. [11] Yang J, Yang Y, Chen J, Zhang HL, Yang WQ, Bai P, Su YJ, Wang ZL. Broadband Vibration Energy Harvesting Based on Triboelectric Nanogenerator. Advanced Energy Materials 2013; 4(6), DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201301322. [12] Yang W, Chen J, Zhu G, Yang J, Bai P, Su YJ, Jing QS, Wang ZL. Harvesting Energy from Natural Vibration of a Human Walking. ACS Nano, 2013; 7(12), pp. 11317–11324. DOI: 10.1021/nn405175z [13] Bai P, Zhu G, Lin ZH, Jing QS, Chen J, Zhang G, Ma J, Wang ZL. Integrated Multilayered Triboelectric Nanogenerator for Harvesting Biomechanical Energy from Human Motions. ACS Nano 2013; 7(4), pp. 3713–3719, DOI: 10.1021/nn4007708. [14] Lin L, Wang SH, Xie YN, Jing QS, Niu SM, Hu YF, Wang ZL. Segmentally Structured Disk Triboelectric Nanogenerator for Harvesting Rotational Mechanical Energy. ACS Nano Letters 2013; 13(6), pp. 2916–2923, DOI: 10.1021/nl4013002. [15] Bai P, Zhu G, Liu Y, Chen J, Jing QS, Yang WQ, Ma JS, Zhang G, Wang ZL. Cylindrical Rotating Triboelectric Nanogenerator. ACS Nano 2013; 7(7), pp. 6261–6266, DOI: 10.1021/nn402491y. [16] Lin ZH, Cheng G, Lin L, Lee SM, Wang ZL. Water-Solid-Surface Contact Electrification and Its Use for Harvesting Liquid Wave Energy. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 2013; 52(48), pp. 12545-12549, 10.1002/anie.201307249. [17] Towfighian, S. A Cylindrical Triboelectric Energy Harvester for Capsule Endoscopes. Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference (BioCAS), 2015, pp. 1-4, DOI: 10.1109/BioCAS.2015.7348290. [18] Galemback F, Burgo T, Balestrin L, Gouvia R. Friction, tribochemistry, and triboelectricity: recent progress and perspectives. RSC Adv., 2014; 4, pp. 64280-64298, DOI: 10.1039/C4RA09604E [19] Goodwin D, Young D. Protective Packaging for Distribution: Design and Development. DEStech Publicatioms, Inc., 2010. [20] Onset Hobo Data Loggers. UX-100 Temperature/ Relative Humidity Data Logger Unit Web Page. Retrieved February 29, 2016, from [21] GPS Buying Guide. Retrieved February 29, 2016, from [22] Lansmont SAVER 3X90 Unit Webpage. Retrieved February 29, 2016, from [23] ISTA. Procedure 3E: Unitized Loads of Same Product. Resource Book 2015. International Safe Transit Association: E. Lansing, MI, 2015.

Articles in this issue

Links on this page

Archives of this issue

view archives of ISTA Views - DECEMBER | 2016